Art of the 20th Century

 



Art Styles in 20th century Art Map



 






Edward Hopper





 


 

Edward Hopper

born July 22, 1882, Nyack, N.Y., U.S.
died May 15, 1967, New York City


U.S. painter whose realistic depictions of everyday urban scenes shock the viewer into recognition of the strangeness of familiar surroundings. He strongly influenced the Pop art and New Realist painters of the 1960s and 1970s.
Hopper was initially trained as an illustrator, but, between 1901 and 1906, he studied painting under Robert Henri, a member of a group of painters called the Ashcan School. Hopper travelled to Europe three times between 1906 and 1910, but he remained untouched by the experimental work then blossoming in France and continued throughout his career to follow his own artistic course. Although he exhibited paintings in the Armory Show of 1913, he devoted most of his time to advertising art and illustrative etchings until 1924. He then began to do such watercolours as “Model Reading” (1925; Art Institute of Chicago), as well as oil paintings. Like the painters of the Ashcan School, Hopper painted the commonplaces of urban life. But, unlike their loosely organized, vivacious paintings, his “House by the Railroad” (1925; Museum of Modern Art, New York City) and “Room in Brooklyn” (1932; Museum of Fine Arts, Boston) show still, anonymous figures and stern geometric forms within snapshot-like compositions that create an inescapable sense of loneliness. This isolation of his subjects was heightened by Hopper's characteristic use of light to insulate persons and objects in space, whether in the harsh morning light (“Early Sunday Morning,” 1930; Whitney Museum of American Art, New York City) or the eerie light of an all-night coffee stand (“Nighthawks,” 1942; Art Institute of Chicago).
Hopper's mature style was already formed by the mid-1920s.His subsequent development showed a constant refinement of his vision. Such late paintings as “Second-Story Sunlight” (1960; Whitney Museum of American Art, New York City) are distinguished by extremely subtle spatial relationships and an even greater mastery of light than is seen in his work of the 1920s.

 

 


Jo Painting (The Wife of the Artist)
1936


 


Morning in a City


 

Morning Sun


 


Room in New York
1932


 


Nighthawks
1942


 


People in the Sun

 

 


Intermedio


 

Pennsylvania Coal Town


 

New York Movie


 

New York Office
1962


 

Night Windows


 

Office at Night


 

Model in Towel, Sitting on Box


 

Reclining Nude


 

House by the Railroad
1925


 

Lighthouse at Two Lights


 

Le Pont des Arts


 


Railroad Sunset
1929


 


Road in Maine


 

Rooms for Tourists


 

Lighthouse and Buildings

Discuss Art

Please note: site admin does not answer any questions. This is our readers discussion only.

 
| privacy