Gottlieb, Adolph, 1903–74, American painter, b. New
York City. Gottlieb studied under John Sloan and Robert Henri. In the
1940s he created pictographs which were stylized, primitive symbols set
in a gridlike pattern. His abstract dynamic canvases of the following
decade (e.g., Frozen Sounds, Number One, 1951; Whitney Mus., New York
City) placed him in the front ranks of abstract expressionism. Many of
his later works, called bursts, display large fiery circles over a
network of spiky lines.