Art of the 20th Century

 



Art Styles in 20th century - Art Map



 






Naum Gabo




 


 

Naum Gabo

 

(b Klimovichi, Belarus, 5 Aug 1890; d Waterbury, CT, 23 Aug 1977).

American sculptor of Belorussian birth. He was brought up in the Russian town of Bryansk, where his father owned a metallurgy business. Early paintings display his romantic and literary spirit, for example Self-portrait (c. 1907–10), but in 1910 he went to the University of Munich to study medical and scientific subjects (1910–12), then philosophy and history of art (1912–14). The lectures of Heinrich Wölfflin and the writings of Henri Bergson were significant influences on him at this time. Gabo also studied engineering at the Technische Hochschule, Munich (1912–14), where there was a large collection of mathematical models. During World War I he took refuge in Norway (1914–17) and started working with his ‘stereometric method’ of construction, one of several techniques he adopted from such models, and through which he made a significant contribution to the development of the language of Constructivism. This enabled him to make images from sheet materials such as cardboard, plywood and galvanized iron, incorporating space in the body of the work and thereby denying the solidity of matter. Around this time he adopted the surname Gabo to distinguish himself from his brother, the artist ANTOINE PEVSNER.

 

 

Head of a Woman
1917


 

Constructivist Head No. 1
1915


 

Head
No. 2
1916


 

Linear Construction in Space No. 1
1943


 

Linear Construction in Space No. 2


 

Torsion (Variation No. 3)


 

Linear Construction
No. 4
1959


 

Arch No. 2


 

Spiral Theme


 

Column


 

Construction through a Plane

1937


 

Quartz Stone


 

Repose


 


The De Bijenkorf Construction


The De Bijenkorf Construction


 

Opus Ten
 
 

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