(b Wedel, nr Hamburg, 2 Jan 1870; d Rostock, 24 Oct
German sculptor and printmaker. He experimented with several media because
he believed that conventional forms of communication were too formulaic
and often failed to make tangible the essence of artistic vision. In his
plastic and literary oeuvres Barlach sought to define and externalize the
inner processes of humanity and nature through depriving his subject of
its superficial mask and extraneous detail.