Art of the 20th Century

 



Art Styles in 20th century - Art Map



 






Leon Bakst




 


 

Leon Bakst    

born January 27 [February 8, New Style], 1866, St. Petersburg, Russia
died December 28, 1924, Paris, France


original name Lev Samoylovich Rosenberg Russian artist who revolutionized theatrical design both in scenery and in costume.

Bakst attended the Imperial Academy of Arts at St. Petersburg but was expelled after painting a too-realistic “Pietà.” He returned to Russia after completing his studies in Paris and became a court painter. He was a cofounder with Sergey Diaghilev of the journal Mir Iskusstva (“World of Art”) in 1899. Bakst began to design scenery in 1900, first at the Hermitage court theatre and then at the imperial theatres. In 1906 he went to Paris, where he began designing stage sets and costumes for Diaghilev's newly formed ballet company, the Ballets Russes. The first Diaghilev ballet for which he designed decor was Cléopâtre (1909), and he was chief set designer thereafter, working on the ballets Scheherazade and Carnaval (both 1910), Le Spectre de la rose and Narcisse (both 1911), L'Après-midi d'un faune and Daphnis et Chloé (both 1912), and Les Papillons (1914). Bakst achieved international fame with his sets and costumes, in which he combined bold designs and sumptuous colours with minutelyrefined details to convey an atmosphere of picturesque, exotic Orientalism. In 1919 Bakst settled permanently in Paris. His designs for a London production of Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky's Sleeping Beauty in 1921 are regarded as his greatest work.

 

 
 

 

 

Self-Portrait
1893


 

Supper
1902


 


Coppelius y Coppelia



 


Zinaida Gippius


 

Andrei Bely


 

Elisium


 


Terror antiquus

1908


 


Portrait of the Dancer Ida Rubinstein
1921


 

Portrait of Alexander Benois
1898


 

Portrait of Countess M. Keller
1902


 

Vision of Antiquity
1906


 

Vase (Self-Portrait)
1906


 

Portrait of Sergey Diaghilev with His Nanny
1906



 

Downpour
1906


 

Portrait of Russian dancer
Léonide Massine



 

Fantasy on Modern Costume: Atalanta
1912



 

 
 
Set design for ballet "Schékhérazade"
1910


 


La sultane bleue
1910
Costume sketch for the ballet "Schékhérazade"


 


Costume sketch for the ballet "Schékhérazade"


 

 
 The Chief Eunuch
1910
Costume sketch for the ballet "Schékhérazade"


 

 
 The
Odalisque
1910
Costume sketch for the ballet "Schékhérazade"


 


 The Odalisque
1910
Costume sketch for the ballet "Schékhérazade"


 

 
 Peri
1911
Costume sketch for ballet "Peri"


 

 
 Iskander
1911
Costume sketch for ballet "Peri"


 


 The Firebird
1913
Costume sketch for the ballet "L'Oiseau de Feu"


 


Costume pour Tamara Karsavina
1910

Costume sketch for the ballet "L'Oiseau de Feu"


 


The Firebird
1910

Costume sketch for the ballet "L'Oiseau de Feu"


 

 
 Potiphar

1914
Costume sketch for the mime-drama
"The Legend of Josef"


 


Potiphar's Wife
1914
Costume sketch for the mime-drama
"The Legend of Josef"
 

 


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