Visual History of the World




From Prehistoric to Romanesque  Art
Gothic Art
Renaissance  Art
Baroque and Rococo Art
The Art of Asia
Neoclassicism, Romanticism  Art
Art Styles in 19th century
Art of the 20th century
Artists that Changed the World
Design and Posters
Classical Music
Literature and Philosophy

Visual History of the World
First Empires
The Ancient World
The Middle Ages
The Early Modern Period
The Modern Era
The World Wars and Interwar Period
The Contemporary World

Dictionary of Art and Artists


First Empires

ca. 7000 B.C. - 200 A.D.


The Middle East was the cradle of mankind's first advanced civilizations. In Egypt and the Fertile Crescent, which extends in an arc from the north of the Arabian Peninsula east through Palestine to Mesopotamia, the first state structures emerged in parallel with the further development of animal husbandry, agriculture, trade, and writing. The first great empires, such as those of the Egyptian pharaohs, the Babylonians, the Assyrians, and the Persians, evolved at the beginning of the third millennium B.C., out of small communities usually clustered around a city. Similar development also occurred on the Indian subcontinent and in China, where quite distinct early advanced civilizations took shape as well.


The golden mask of Tutankhamun, a jewel of ancient Egyptian artwork,
 showing the pharaoh in a ceremonial robe decorated with the heraldic animals, the vulture and cobra, ca. 1340 B.C.



Syria and Palestine

3000-332 B.C.



The Abduction of Europa

According to Greek mythology, Zeus, the father of the gods, assumed the form of a white bull and abducted Europa, the daughter of King Agenor of Phoenicia. By him she conceived Minos, the legendary king of Crete. Much that arrived in Europe from Asia first passed through Minoan Crete, including the Phoenician alphabet.



The Rape of Europa


Noel-Nicolas Coypel


Rembrandt van Rijn


Peter Paul Rubens


Paolo Veronese


Jean-Baptiste-Marie Pierre


Guido Reni


Antonio Marziale Carracci


Francesco Albani


Francois Boucher


Francois Boucher


Vouet Simon


Maarten de Vos


Michel DeSubleay


Claude Lorrain


Luca Giordano


Luca Giordano


Jacob Jordaens


Giovanni Battista Tiepolo


Valentin Serov


Hugo Claus


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