William Bradford (April 30, 1823 – April 25, 1892) was an
American romanticist painter, photographer and explorer, originally
from Fairhaven, Massachusetts, near New Bedford.
He is known for his paintings of ships and Arctic seascapes. He
went on several Arctic expeditions with Dr. Isaac Israel Hayes, and
was the first American painter to portray the frozen regions of the
north. In London in 1873, he published an account of his trips to
the north, entitled The Arctic regions, illustrated with photographs
taken on an art expedition to Greenland; with descriptive narrative
by the artist.
He was a member of the Hudson River School. He adopted their
techniques and became highly interested in the way light touches
water and how it affects the appearance of water surfaces and the
general atmospherics of a painting. He compositionally balanced many
of his paintings by creating a counter-subject and by placing darker
colors around the edges, framing and counteracting the center's