(b Mercedes, 19 May 1878; d Montevideo, 22 June 1926).
Uruguayan painter. He first studied painting and drawing as a child with the Catalan painter Miguel Jaume i Bosch. As an adolescent he moved with his family to Spain, where he studied at the Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando in Madrid and frequented the workshop of Santiago Rusiñol. After studying in Paris with Benjamin Constant, he visited Italy and Mallorca, where he first developed his talents as a landscape painter before returning briefly to Uruguay in 1899. During another prolonged visit to Europe from 1902 to 1907 he enthusiastically studied the work of Pierre Puvis de Chavannes, Lucien Simon, Henri Martin, Claude Monet and James Abbott McNeill Whistler. After his return to Montevideo in 1907 he painted shimmering Impressionist-influenced landscapes such as Palma de Mallorca (1915; Montevideo, Mus. N. A. Visuales) and treated local rural and urban scenes in which he established himself as a remarkable colourist. He also commemorated subjects from Latin American history in works such as Artigas Dictating to his Secretary Don José G. Monterroso (c. 1920; Montevideo, Mus. Hist. N.), the equestrian portrait of General Galarza (1909; Durazno, Mus. Mun.) and Artigas in el Hervidero (Palacio Legislativo, Montevideo). He exhibited at the Paris Salons and in 1910 was awarded the Gold Medal at the Exposición Internacional del Centenario de la Independencia Argentina in Buenos Aires for his portrait of Galarza.
Retrato de Maria de Castro de Figari
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