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 Andrey Belogrud

 

 

Belogrud Andrey Evgenievich


(b Zhitomir, 1875; d Gatchina, 19 July 1933).
 Russian architect and teacher. After early training in Pskov, he studied (1901–10) at the Academy of Arts, St Petersburg, latterly in the studio of Leonty Benois. After a year in Odessa he was commissioned in 1911 by the developer Konstantin Rozenshtein to execute façades for residential buildings on the fashionable Bol’shoy Prospect (Petrograd Side), St Petersburg. His treatments at nos 77 (1912–13) and 75 (1913–15) are respectively Gothic and Renaissance classical in their detailing. These, and his elevations in freer classical mode for Gontskevich’s building (1912–15) at no. 102 of the same street, derive their strong identity from the grotesque treatment of stylistic detail that characterizes all Belogrud’s work. Other built works of this period included the Skating Rink complex (1912) in St Petersburg and the Municipal Theatre (1913), Saratov. During these years he was also a lively contributor to stylistic and professional debates in Russian architecture. In 1912 Belogrud started teaching in the Free Studios for Artistic Education, St Petersburg, later joining the Academy of Arts staff. He put great energy into its reorganization after the Revolution of 1917 as the Petrograd Free Studios (Rus. Svomas) and again as the Academy from 1922. In 1921–3 he was Rector of the whole school, thereafter becoming Dean of the Architecture Faculty and propagating a vigorous aesthetic viewpoint as Professor of Architectural Composition. He entered many of the early Soviet competitions, including those for the Palace of Labour (1923) and Arcos Building (1924), Moscow, the Gosprom Building (1925) for Khar’kov (now Kharkiv), and the Moscow House of Books (1932; with B. M. Velikovsky (1878–1937)). The earlier tendency to a somewhat theatrically exaggerated detailing also characterizes these post-revolutionary designs.

 


"House with Towers" in Petrogradskaya district of Saint-Petersburg, Russia.
Architects: A.E.Belogrud and K.I.Rosenstein, 1915

 
 

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