French painter. Like many artistic children
from the provinces in 19th-century France, he went to
Paris with a grant from his municipality to pay his
tuition fees. He entered the studio of Michel-Martin Drolling in 1844 and enrolled at the Ecole des
Beaux-Arts in 1845. In five successive attempts at the
Prix de Rome, he rose up through the ranks of the
finalists, winning the first prize (which he shared with
Bouguereau) in 1850 with Zenobia Found by Shepherds
on the Banks of the Araxes (Paris, Ecole N. Sup.
B.-A.). Critics had already noticed that he
was more attracted by Venetian painting than was
customary among candidates for the prize. This was
reaffirmed by the works he sent from Rome to Paris,
especially his Fortune and the Child (1853–4;
Paris, Mus. d’Orsay), which was clearly indebted to
Titian’s Sacred and Profane Love (Rome, Gal.
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