N. German sculptor, wood-carver, draughtsman and writer associated with
Expressionism. He was at the Dresden Academy
(1891—5), and Paris (1805—6); in 1906 he visited Russia, in 1909
Florence. Russia shaped him: it was, for him, a land where symbol
met reality. The Russian beggar symbolized and presented the truth
about man; B.'s statements on human suffering, humiliation,
callousness, are in terms of peasant life. The medieval associations
of his work gained him a commission for sculptures at St Catherine's
church, Lubeck, but the Nazi government, which destroyed many of
B.'s public statues, stopped the work. Between 1898 and 1902, he
ill. Die Jugend magazine. B.'s writings include the plays Der tote
Tag; (1912), Die Sundflut (1924) and his autobiography (1928).
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