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Arnstein Arneberg

 

 

Arneberg Arnstein (Rynning)

(b Fredrikstad, 6 July 1882; d Biri, 9 June 1961).

Norwegian architect. He was trained as a draughtsman at the Royal School of Design in Christiania (now Oslo) from 1899 to 1902, and as an architect at the Royal Polytechnic in Stockholm from 1904 to 1906. He worked as an assistant to Erik Lallerstedt in Stockholm (1906–7) and in partnership with Ole Sverre (1865–1932), in Christiania (1907–8), where he afterwards started his own practice. Some of his larger projects were carried out in collaboration with MAGNUS POULSSON, including his best-known works, the Telegraph building (1916–24) and the Town Hall (1916–51), both in Oslo. Like Poulsson, Arneberg was a major exponent of the National Romanticism that developed after Norway gained complete independence in 1905.

His project for the Royal Hunting Lodge at Voksenkollen (second prize with Sverre, 1905) represented the first clear break with the then-dominant ‘Dragon style’ (see MUNTHE, HOLM), and pointed to a more straightforward use of national forms, particularly the older manor houses of the plains of south-east Norway. The Eidsvold College (1908; destr. 1980) was his first executed work in this style. Even as it became popular, Arneberg, drawing on his experience in Sweden, became increasingly influenced by the Renaissance and Baroque architecture of Scandinavia as a whole. The Villa Elsero (1918–23), Oslo, considered a masterpiece of modern domestic architecture, exemplifies Arneberg’s increasing tendency towards simplification in the post-war, neo-classical architectural milieu.

The villa’s three wings enfold an irregularly shaped rose garden. The five-bay main block has a granite base that follows the uneven terrain. Above this, white-plastered brick rises smoothly, broken only by the windows and a grand, neo-classical entrance portal with a broken pediment. This and other sophisticated and articulate designs were much appreciated by the well-to-do.

 

 


Townhall of Oslo, Norway

 

 

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