Arneberg Arnstein (Rynning)
(b Fredrikstad, 6 July 1882; d Biri, 9 June 1961).
Norwegian architect. He was trained as a draughtsman at the Royal
School of Design in Christiania (now Oslo) from 1899 to 1902, and as
an architect at the Royal Polytechnic in Stockholm from 1904 to
1906. He worked as an assistant to Erik Lallerstedt in Stockholm
(1906–7) and in partnership with Ole Sverre (1865–1932), in
Christiania (1907–8), where he afterwards started his own practice.
Some of his larger projects were carried out in collaboration with
MAGNUS POULSSON, including his best-known works, the Telegraph
building (1916–24) and the Town Hall (1916–51), both in Oslo. Like
Poulsson, Arneberg was a major exponent of the National Romanticism
that developed after Norway gained complete independence in 1905.
His project for the Royal Hunting Lodge at Voksenkollen (second
prize with Sverre, 1905) represented the first clear break with the
then-dominant ‘Dragon style’ (see MUNTHE, HOLM), and pointed to a
more straightforward use of national forms, particularly the older
manor houses of the plains of south-east Norway. The Eidsvold
College (1908; destr. 1980) was his first executed work in this
style. Even as it became popular, Arneberg, drawing on his
experience in Sweden, became increasingly influenced by the
Renaissance and Baroque architecture of Scandinavia as a whole. The
Villa Elsero (1918–23), Oslo, considered a masterpiece of modern
domestic architecture, exemplifies Arneberg’s increasing tendency
towards simplification in the post-war, neo-classical architectural
The villa’s three wings enfold an irregularly shaped rose garden.
The five-bay main block has a granite base that follows the uneven
terrain. Above this, white-plastered brick rises smoothly, broken
only by the windows and a grand, neo-classical entrance portal with
a broken pediment. This and other sophisticated and articulate
designs were much appreciated by the well-to-do.