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Heinrich von Angeli

 

 

Angeli Heinrich (Anton) von

(b Odenburg [now Sopron, Hungary], 8 July 1840; d Vienna, 21 Oct 1925). Austrian painter. In 1853 he moved to Vienna to live with his uncle, who was a collector and a friend of the painters Friedrich von Amerling and Mathias Ranftl (1805–54). Angeli’s early Self-portrait reflects the precocious maturity of his style, and in 1854 he enrolled at the Akademie der Bildenden Künste in Vienna. In 1856, on the advice of Amerling, he went to study under Emanuel Gottlieb Leutze in Düsseldorf, where he executed one of his most significant history paintings, Mary Stuart Reading her Death Warrant (1857). In 1859 he moved to Munich, where he worked independently and was encouraged by Karl Theodor von Piloty, producing the history paintings Ludwig XI and Franz de Paula (1859) and Antony and Cleopatra for Ludwig I of Bavaria. In 1862 he again settled in Vienna, where he enjoyed increasing success. The life-size portrait of Baronin Seidler and the genre painting Avengers of Honour (1869), both exhibited at the Weltausstellung in Vienna in 1873, secured his reputation. After brief stays in Paris and Berlin (c. 1866), he went in 1871 to Italy, where he painted numerous portraits and the genre work Absolution Denied. His final genre paintings, Youthful Love (sold London, Sotheby’s, 3 Oct 1980) and Calabrian Shepherd Couple, also date from this year. Henceforth he devoted himself entirely to portrait painting, receiving important commissions from such aristocratic circles as the Kinsky and Auersperg families (e.g. Graf Anton Alexander Auersperg, 1876; Vienna, Präsidium des Nationalrates). Whereas his early portraits were influenced by Amerling, Anton Einsle and 17th-century Dutch art, from the 1870s he developed his own elegant and restrained style. This helped him to obtain commissions at the courts of Vienna, St Petersburg and London (e.g. Queen Victoria on the Throne, 1885; Windsor Castle, Berks, Royal Col.). As well as these imposing portraits, he created such portrait studies as that of Franz Grillparzer, the Austrian dramatist (1791–1872). In 1876 he was appointed professor of a Spezialschule at the Akademie in Vienna and was President of the Künstlerhaus, Vienna, until 1910.

 


Queen Victoria

 

 


Queen Victoria

 

 


Queen Victoria

 

 


The Empress Frederick of Germany as Crown Princess of Prussia, 1882

 

 


Katharina Schratt

 

 

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