(b Jaén, 13 Jan 1895; d Paris, 4 April 1984). Spanish painter.
He moved to Granada as a young man and studied painting in the
studio of José Larrocha. After studying briefly in Madrid in the
studio of the painter Cecilio Plá (1860–1934) in 1912 he returned to
Granada, where he befriended the Spanish poet Federico García Lorca,
who for many years was his greatest champion and with whom he
collaborated in 1933 on the popular travelling theatre La Barraca.
He worked intensely while living again in Madrid from 1919 to 1922,
and it was during this period that the Cubist tendencies already
evident in his work became predominant. At the end of this period he
produced a poster for the Primer Concurso de Cante Jondo (1922), the
competition for Andalusian gypsy singing, expressing his great love
for this popular culture in a novel surrealistic language—a bleeding
heart pierced by a sadly watching eye; it was a controversial work,
regarded by some as too modern for its context.
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