( fl c. 1350s; d before 1387). Italian painter. Long known only
through meagre documents, this founder of the 14th-century Aretine
school of painting was identified (1974–5 exh. cat.) through the
discovery of his signature on an Annunciation panel (Arezzo, Mus.
Dioc.) probably painted for the Compagnia di SS Annunziata, Arezzo,
in the 1350s. His authorship can now be established for a group of
stylistically similar works formerly attributed to several hands,
including the Master of the Vescovado and Spinello Aretino, who was
doubtless Andrea’s pupil (and whose sculptor brother, Niccolò,
married Andrea’s daughter, Rebecca). Andrea’s most distinguished
works, combining the influence of Pietro Lorenzetti, Maso di Banco
and Buffalmacco, include the poetic pair of predella panels with
scenes from the Life of St John the Baptist (both Berne, Kstmus.)
and the narrative frescoes in S Bartolomeo, Arezzo. His
compositional clarity, incisive figure style and refined technique
place him in the first rank of 14th-century Tuscan painters.
The Birth of St. John the Baptist
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