(b São Paulo, 1935). Brazilian painter and printmaker. After
studying engraving in São Paulo, he moved to New York in 1959 to
complete his studies at the Pratt Graphic Center, where his contact
with international Pop art merged with his own interest in Brazilian
popular imagery, for example in the portfolio of woodcuts Mine and
Yours (1967). Immediately afterwards he began painting ambiguous and
ironic still-lifes collectively titled Brasíliana, which use bananas
as symbols of underdevelopment and exploitation, for example BR-1 SP
(1970; São Paulo, Pin. Estado) and Bananas (1971; Washington, DC,
Mus. Mod. A. Latin America). In 1971 he won a trip abroad in the
National Salon of Modern Art (Rio de Janeiro), which took him again
to New York between 1972 and 1973. On his return to São Paulo he
began the series Battlegrounds, in which he submitted the previously
reclining bananas to slashing, torture and putrefaction.
Subsequently shapes were reorganized into configurations of an
undramatic Surrealism, playful, colourful, tumescent and as firmly
rooted as ever in his native Brazil and Latin America.
Alone in Green, 1973
Bananas and ropes
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