(b Itu, 1850; d Piracicaba, 1899). Brazilian painter. Deeply
attached to the interior of the state of São Paulo, where he was
born, Almeida Júnior returned there as soon as he had finished his
studies with, among others, Victor Meirelles de Lima at the Academia
Imperial das Belas Artes in Rio de Janeiro. Under the patronage of
the Emperor Peter II (reg 1831–89) he travelled to Europe in 1876 to
complete his studies with Alexandre Cabanel in Paris. There from
1879 to 1882 he took part in the annual Salon of French Artists. The
influence of Courbet’s realism on works produced during his stay in
France, such as Brazilian Woodchopper (1879; Rio de Janeiro, Mus. N.
B.A.), remained in evidence on his return to Brazil in 1882,
especially in his more picturesque paintings.
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