(b Belas, 1769; d Lisbon, 1841). Portuguese sculptor. He was
probably trained by his father, a stone mason employed at the
Palacio Nacional de Queluz, near Lisbon. In 1784 João Aguiar went to
the drawing school of the Casa Pia do Castelo, Lisbon, and in 1785
to Rome on a scholarship from the Intendência with the support of D.
I. de Pina Manique (1735–1805). There he studied drawing with Tomaso
Labruzzi, modelling with Giuseppe Angellini (1735–1811) and then
moved to the workshop of Antonio Canova. Aguiar’s first recorded
works made in Rome were Cippus, Aeneas and Creusa (1792–3; Lisbon,
Pal. Belém Gdns) and a portrait medallion of Giovanni Antinori
(1792; untraced), Professor of Architecture at the Academia de
Portugal in Rome, which is known from an engraving (1792) by João
Caetano Rivara (studying in Rome, 1788–99).
D. Joao VI 1823
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