(b Sala, Västmanland, 24 May 1869; d Barcelona, 1 Oct 1917).
painter. He started to paint of his own initiative on Gotland at the
age of 20. In the spring of 1890 he went to Paris, where he studied
under Emile Bernard, through whom he became familiar with the work
of Paul Cézanne and Vincent van Gogh. He became involved in
theosophical circles, with Jacques Tasset, M. E. J. Coulomb and
other members of the theosophical group Ananta. During the summers
of 1891 and 1892 he went back to Gotland to paint. On returning to
Paris he painted only sporadically, while studying oriental
languages and religions. In the autumn of 1894 he went to Egypt and
began painting intensively, producing such works as Egyptian
Landscape (1894/5; Stockholm, Nmus.). In 1895 he was again in Paris
where he was an enthusiastic student of Islam, to which he converted
in 1898. In 1900 he shot and wounded a banderillero at a bullfight
in Paris in protest against the cruelty to the animals: this led to
the abolition of bullfights in France.
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