Dictionary of Art and Artists



 

 


History of

Architecture and Sculpture

 
 

 

 
 

 
 

CONTENTS:

 
 

PART ONE
THE ANCIENT WORLD
PREHISTORIC ART
EGYPTIAN ART

ANCIENT NEAR EASTERN ART
AEGEAN ART
GREEK ART
ETRUSCAN ART
ROMAN ART
EARLY CHRISTIAN AND BYZANTINE ART

PART TWO
THE MIDDLE AGES
EARLY MEDIEVAL ART
ROMANESQUE ART
GOTHIC ART

PART THREE
THE RENAISSANCE THROUGH THE ROCOCO
LATE GOTHIC
THE EARLY RENAISSANCE IN ITALY
THE HIGH RENAISSANCE IN ITALY
MANNERISM AND OTHER TRENDS
THE RENAISSANCE IN THE NORTH
THE BAROQUE IN ITALY AND SPAIN
THE BAROQUE IN FLANDERS AND HOLLAND
THE BAROQUE
THE ROCOCO

PART FOUR
THE MODERN WORLD
NEOCLASSICISM AND ROMANTICISM
REALISM AND IMPRESSIONISM
POST-IMPRESSIONISM, SYMBOLISM, AND ART NOUVEAU

TWENTIETH-CENTURY
TWENTIETH-CENTURY SCULPTURE
TWENTIETH-CENTURY ARCHITECTURE


INDEX
FIGURES
 

 
 

 
 

CHAPTER ONE
 

NEOCLASSICISM AND ROMANTICISM
 

NEOCLASSICISM
PAINTING
SCULPTURE and ARCHITECTURE- Part 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14

THE ROMANTIC MOVEMENT
PAINTING
SCULPTURE and ARCHITECTURE - Part1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20

PHOTOGRAPHY
 

 


SCULPTURE and ARCHITECTURE
 

SCULPTURE


England

 

John Gibson.
 

 


John Gibson

John Gibson, (born June 19, 1790, Gyffin, Caernarvonshire, Wales—died Jan. 27, 1866, Rome, Papal States [Italy]), British Neoclassical sculptor who tried to revive the ancient Greek practice of tinting marble sculptures.

In 1804 Gibson was apprenticed to a monument mason in Liverpool, where he remained until 1817. One of his first Royal Academy submissions, Psyche Borne on the Wings of Zephyrus (1816), was praised by John Flaxman, who persuaded him to go to Rome in 1817. There he was befriended by Antonio Canova, and he was also instructed after 1822 by Bertel Thorvaldsen.

Challenging the Neoclassical tenor of the whiteness of antique sculpture, Gibson put into practice new theories about the ancient Greek practice of painting skin colour and facial details onto carved marble figures. He introduced colour onto a statue of Queen Victoria done for Liverpool in 1847, tinting only the diadem, sandals, and robe hem. A repetition of the 1833 Cupid Tormenting the Soul was, however, completely coloured, and the best-known example of this polychromy was the Tinted Venus (1851–55), which caused a sensation when it was exhibited in London in 1862. Gibson was made a full member of the Royal Academy in 1838.

Encyclopædia Britannica
 

 

 


John Gibson. Aurora.
National Museum Cardiff




John Gibson. The Sleeping Shepard




John Gibson. Narcissus. Royal Academy of Arts, London, England



John Gibson. Narcissus. Royal Academy of Arts, London, England




John Gibson. Nymph untying her sandal. Royal Academy of Arts




John Gibson. Pandora. Victoria and Albert Museum




John Gibson. Venus. Royal Academy of Arts




John Gibson. Statue of William Huskisson. Pimlico Gardens, London




John Gibson. Statue





John Gibson. Cupid the Shepherd , 1840




John Gibson. Statue of Sir Robert Peel.
Westminster Abbey, London, England, 1852




John Gibson. Hylas Surprised by the Naiades, 1827–36




John Gibson. Queen Victoria
1850
Marble
Palace of Westminster, London

 
 

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