History of Photography


Introduction History of Photography (Encyclopaedia Britannica)

A World History of Photography (by Naomi Rosenblum)

The Story Behind the Pictures 1827-1991 (by Hans-Michael Koetzle)

Photographers' Dictionary
(based on "20th Century Photography - Museum Ludwig Cologne")


 

 



Photographers' Dictionary

(based on "20th Century Photography-Museum Ludwig Cologne")

 
 

 

 


Garry Winogrand

(From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia)

Garry WinograndGarry Winogrand (14 January 1928, New York City 19 March 1984, Tijuana, Mexico) was a street photographer known for his portrayal of America in the mid 20th century.
Winogrand studied painting at City College of New York and painting and photography at Columbia University in New York City in 1948. He also attended a photojournalism class taught by Alexey Brodovich at The New School for Social Research in New York City in 1951. Winogrand made his first notable appearance in 1963 at an exhibition at the Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) in New York City. This show included Minor White, George Krause, Jerome Liebling and Ken Heyman.
In 1966 Winogrand exhibited at the George Eastman House in Rochester, New York with Lee Friedlander, Duane Michals, Bruce Davidson, and Danny Lyon in an exhibition entitled Toward a Social Landscape. In 1967 he participated in the New Documents show at MoMA with Diane Arbus and Lee Friedlander. During his career, he received three Guggenheim Fellowship Awards (1964, 1969, and 1979) and a National Endowment of the Arts Award in 1979. Winogrand also taught photography courses at the University of Texas at Austin and at the Art Institute of Chicago.
Winogrand was influenced by Walker Evans and Robert Frank and their respective publications American Photographs and The Americans. Henri Cartier-Bresson was another influence although stylistically different.
Winogrand was known for his portrayal of American life in the early 1960s, Many of his photographs depict the social issues of his time day and in the role of media in shaping attitudes. He roamed the streets of New York with his 35mm Leica camera rapidly taking photographs using a prefocused wide angle lens. His pictures frequently appeared as if they were driven by the energy of the events he was witnessing. While the style has been much imitated, Winogrand's eye, his visual style, and his wit, are unique.
Winogrand's photographs of the Bronx Zoo and the Coney Island Aquarium made up his first book The Animals. (1969) a collection of pictures that observe the connections between humans and animals. His book Public Relations (1977) shows press conferences with deer-in-the-headlight writers and politicians, protesters beaten by cops, and wild museum parties frequented by the self-satisfied cultural glitterati. These photographs capture the evolution of a uniquely 20th and 21st century phenomenon, the event created to be documented, in Winogrand's style -- a unique conversation between the photographer and his subject. The tilted camera, the frame filled with twitchy, restless motion and agitated faces, come together to represent an authentic and original response to the evolving culture of public relations. In Stock Photographs 1980, Winogrand published his views of the Fort Worth Fat Stock Show and Rodeo.
Winogrand died of gall bladder cancer, in 1984 at age 56.

 


Untitled
1950s

 


Untitled
1950s

 


Untitled
1954

 


New Mexico
1957

 


Park Avenue, New York
1959

 


New York
1961

 


New York
c. 1962

 


New York
1963

 


Central Park Zoo, New York City
1964

 


World's Fair, New York
1964

 


Utah
1964

 


Los Angeles
1964

 


American Legion Convention,
Dallas, Texas
1964

 


Minneapolis
 

 


Los Angeles, California
1969

 


Peace Demonstration
1969

 


Statue of Liberty Ferry, New York
1971

 


Fort Worth
1974

 


Austin, Texas
1974

 


Untitled, from the portfolio, Women are Beautiful

 


Untitled, from the portfolio, Women are Beautiful

 


Untitled, from the portfolio, Women are Beautiful

 


Untitled, from the portfolio, Women are Beautiful

 


Untitled, from the portfolio, Women are Beautiful

 


Untitled, from the portfolio, Women are Beautiful

 


Untitled, from the portfolio, Women are Beautiful

 


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Untitled

 


Untitled

 


Burlesque Series

 


Calder

 


New York, 1963

 


Untitled

 


Cape Kennedy, Florida, 1969

 


Coney Island, New York City, New York, 1952

 


El Morocco

 


Friedlander Lafayette Louisiana

 


On the Street, Dallas 1964
 

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