History of Photography

Introduction History of Photography (Encyclopaedia Britannica)

A World History of Photography (by Naomi Rosenblum)

The Story Behind the Pictures 1827-1991 (by Hans-Michael Koetzle)

Photographers' Dictionary
(based on "20th Century Photography - Museum Ludwig Cologne")



Photographers' Dictionary

(based on "20th Century Photography-Museum Ludwig Cologne")




David Seymour

(From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia)

Chim (pronounced shim) was the pseudonym of David Seymour (November 20, 1911 – November 10, 1956), an American photographer and photojournalist. Born David Szymin in Warsaw to Polish Jewish parents, he became interested in photography while studying in Paris. He began working as a freelance journalist in 1933.
Chim's coverage of the Spanish Civil War, Czechoslovakia and other European events established his reputation. He was particularly known for his poignant treatment of people, especially children. In 1939 he documented the journey of Loyalist Spanish refugees to Mexico and was in New York when World War II broke out. In 1940 he enlisted in the United States Army, serving in Europe as a photo interpreter during the war. He became a naturalized citizen of the United States in 1942, the same year that his parents were killed by the Nazis. After the war, he returned to Europe to document the plight of refugee children for UNESCO.
Sometime after D-Day, Chim met Life (magazine)'s Paris Bureau Head Will Lang Jr. and had lunch with him at a cafe' in the Bois de Boulogne in Paris, France. Alongside with him that day was reporter Dida Comacho and photographer Yale Joel.
In 1947, Chim co-founded the Magnum Photos photography cooperative, together with Robert Capa and Henri Cartier-Bresson, whom he had befriended in 1930s Paris. Chim's reputation for his compelling photos of war orphans was complemented by his later work in photographing Hollywood celebrities such as Sophia Loren, Kirk Douglas, Ingrid Bergman, and Joan Collins.
After Capa's death in 1954, Chim became president of Magnum Photos. He held the post until November 10, 1956, when he was killed (together with French photographer Jean Roy) by Egyptian machine-gun fire, while covering the armistice of the 1956 Suez War.


Picasso in front of his picture, Guernica at its unveiling at the Spanish Pavilion of the World’s Fair, Paris, 1937.


Bernard Berenson at ninety, visiting Borghese Gallery
Rome, 1955


Venice, 1951


A Spanish Civil War unit named after Ernst Thaelmann, a German Communist.
It was composed of anti-Nazi Germans and fought for the Republic of Spain against Franco.
Spain, 1936


Arturo Toscanini in his Library, with Death Masks of Beethoven, Wagner and Verdi, Milan, Italy, 1954
Milan, 1954


Jewish Orthodox wedding under improvised canopy
Israel, 1953


Terezka, a Child in a Center for Disturbed Children, Produced These Scrawls as a Picture of Home
, Poland, 1948


Woman at Land Distribution Meeting
, Estremadura, Spain, 1936


Children Playing with a Broken Doll
, Naples, Italy, 1948


Blind Boy, Who Lost His Arms in the War, Reading with His Lips, Rome, Italy, 1948


First Child Born in Alma, Israel
, 1951


Sophia Loren (at 19), 1953


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