History of Photography


Introduction History of Photography (Encyclopaedia Britannica)

A World History of Photography (by Naomi Rosenblum)

The Story Behind the Pictures 1827-1991 (by Hans-Michael Koetzle)

Photographers' Dictionary
(based on "20th Century Photography - Museum Ludwig Cologne")


 

 



Photographers' Dictionary

(based on "20th Century Photography-Museum Ludwig Cologne")

 
 

 

see also:

August Sander.

Young Farmers, 1914

 


August Sander

(From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia)

August Sander (17 November 1876 in Herdorf, Germany; 20 April 1964 in Cologne) was a German portrait and documentary photographer.
Sander was the son of a carpenter working in the mining industry. While working at a local mine, Sander first learned about photography by assisting a photographer who was working for a mining company. With financial support from his uncle, he bought photographic equipment and set up his own darkroom.
He spent his military service (1897 1899) as a photographer's assistant, and the next years wandering across Germany. In 1901, he started working for a photo studio in Linz, eventually becoming a partner (1902), and then its sole proprietor (1904). He left Linz at the end of 1909 and set up a new studio in Cologne.
In the early 1920s, Sander joined the "Group of Progressive Artists" in Cologne and began plans to document contemporary society in a portrait series. In 1927, Sander and writer Ludwig Mathar traveled through Sardinia for three months, where he took around 500 photographs. However, a planned book detailing his travels was not completed.
Sander's first book Face of our Time was published in 1929. It contains a selection of 60 portraits from his series People of the 20th Century. Under the Nazi regime, his work and personal life were greatly constrained. His son Erich, who was a member of the left wing Socialist Workers' Party (SAP), was arrested in 1934 and sentenced to 10 years in prison, where he died in 1944, shortly before the end of his sentence. Sander's book Face of our Time was seized in 1936 and the photographic plates destroyed. Around 1942, during World War II, he left Cologne and moved to a rural area, allowing him to save most of his negatives. His studio was destroyed in a 1944 bombing raid.

 


Young Farmers

 


Pastry Cook, 1928

 


Painter [Anton Raderscheidt], 1926

 


Young Farmers
1927

 


Farm Children

 


Railway Officers

 


Bricklayer, 1928


Young Soldier, Westerwald , 1945

 

 


Country Girls, 1925


High School Graduate

1926

 

 

 


Working Musician, Siegerland, Germany


Notary, 1924

 

 

 


Circus Workers, 1926


Circus Artist,
1926

 


Young Mother, Middle-Class, 1926

 

 


Peasant Woman of the Westerwald


Painter Heinrich Hoerle, 1928

 

 


The Dadaist Raoul Hausman, Berlin, 1928


The Dadaist Raoul Hausmann, Berlin, 1928

 

 


Herbalist, 1929


The Tenor Leonardo Aramesco, 1928

 

 


Unemployed Man, 1928


Traveling Mason, 1927

 

 


Travelling Carpenters, Hamburg, 1928


Innkeeper, 1930

 

 


Village Schoolteacher, 1921


Girl in Fairground Caravan, 1926

 

 


Coal Carrier, Berlin, 1929


Boxers, Paul Rцderstein and Hein Hesse, 1928

 

 


Varnisher, 1930


Blind Children,
1930

 

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