History of Photography

Introduction History of Photography (Encyclopaedia Britannica)

A World History of Photography (by Naomi Rosenblum)

The Story Behind the Pictures 1827-1991 (by Hans-Michael Koetzle)

Photographers' Dictionary
(based on "20th Century Photography - Museum Ludwig Cologne")



Photographers' Dictionary

(based on "20th Century Photography-Museum Ludwig Cologne")



see also:

August Sander.

Young Farmers, 1914


August Sander

(From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia)

August Sander (17 November 1876 in Herdorf, Germany; 20 April 1964 in Cologne) was a German portrait and documentary photographer.
Sander was the son of a carpenter working in the mining industry. While working at a local mine, Sander first learned about photography by assisting a photographer who was working for a mining company. With financial support from his uncle, he bought photographic equipment and set up his own darkroom.
He spent his military service (1897 1899) as a photographer's assistant, and the next years wandering across Germany. In 1901, he started working for a photo studio in Linz, eventually becoming a partner (1902), and then its sole proprietor (1904). He left Linz at the end of 1909 and set up a new studio in Cologne.
In the early 1920s, Sander joined the "Group of Progressive Artists" in Cologne and began plans to document contemporary society in a portrait series. In 1927, Sander and writer Ludwig Mathar traveled through Sardinia for three months, where he took around 500 photographs. However, a planned book detailing his travels was not completed.
Sander's first book Face of our Time was published in 1929. It contains a selection of 60 portraits from his series People of the 20th Century. Under the Nazi regime, his work and personal life were greatly constrained. His son Erich, who was a member of the left wing Socialist Workers' Party (SAP), was arrested in 1934 and sentenced to 10 years in prison, where he died in 1944, shortly before the end of his sentence. Sander's book Face of our Time was seized in 1936 and the photographic plates destroyed. Around 1942, during World War II, he left Cologne and moved to a rural area, allowing him to save most of his negatives. His studio was destroyed in a 1944 bombing raid.


Young Farmers


Pastry Cook, 1928


Painter [Anton Raderscheidt], 1926


Young Farmers


Farm Children


Railway Officers


Bricklayer, 1928

Young Soldier, Westerwald , 1945



Country Girls, 1925

High School Graduate





Working Musician, Siegerland, Germany

Notary, 1924




Circus Workers, 1926

Circus Artist,


Young Mother, Middle-Class, 1926



Peasant Woman of the Westerwald

Painter Heinrich Hoerle, 1928



The Dadaist Raoul Hausman, Berlin, 1928

The Dadaist Raoul Hausmann, Berlin, 1928



Herbalist, 1929

The Tenor Leonardo Aramesco, 1928



Unemployed Man, 1928

Traveling Mason, 1927



Travelling Carpenters, Hamburg, 1928

Innkeeper, 1930



Village Schoolteacher, 1921

Girl in Fairground Caravan, 1926



Coal Carrier, Berlin, 1929

Boxers, Paul Rцderstein and Hein Hesse, 1928



Varnisher, 1930

Blind Children,


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