History of Photography


Introduction. History of Photography (Encyclopaedia Britannica)

A World History of Photography (by Naomi Rosenblum)

The Story Behind the Pictures 1827-1991 (by Hans-Michael Koetzle)

Photographers' Dictionary.
(based on "20th Century Photography - Museum Ludwig Cologne")


 

 



Photographers' Dictionary

(based on "20th Century Photography-Museum Ludwig Cologne")

 
 

 


see also:

Nadar. Sarah Bernhardt, ca. 1864

 

Nadar

(b Paris, 8 April 1820; d Paris, 21 March 1910).

 French photographer, printmaker, draughtsman, writer and balloonist. He was born into a family of printers and became familiar with the world of letters very early in life. He abandoned his study of medicine for journalism, working first in Lyon and then in Paris. In the 1840s Nadar moved in socialist, bohemian circles and developed strong republican convictions. Around this time he adopted the pseudonym Nadar (from ‘Tourne à dard’, a nickname he gained because of his talent for caricature). For his friend Charles Baudelaire, Nadar personified ‘the most astonishing expression of vitality’. In 1845 he published his first novel, La Robe de Dejanira, and the following year he embarked on his career as a caricaturist, working for La Silhouette and Le Charivari and subsequently for the Revue comique (1848) and Charles Philipon’s Journal pour rire (1849), which later became the Journal amusant (1856). In London in 1863 Nadar discovered the drawings in Punch and met the illustrators Paul Gavarni and Constantin Guys, who became a friend. Nadar ended his career as a caricaturist in 1865, by which time he had become famous as a photographer.

 


Self-Portrait, c. 1855.
Salt print. J. Paul Getty Museum, Los Angeles.

 


Sarah Bernhardt, 1865.
Albumen print. Bibliotheque Nationale, Paris.

 


George Sand, from Galerie Contemporaine, 1877.
Woodburyrype. International Museum of Photography at George Eastman House, Rochester, N.Y.

 


Eugene Emmanuel Violet-le-Duc, from Galerie Contemporaine, 1878.
Woodburytype. International Museum of Photography at George Eastman House, Rochester, N.Y.

 


Charles Baudelaire

 


Georges Boulanger

 


Georges Clemenceau

 


Camille Corot

 


Gustave Courbet

 


Charles-Francois Daubigny

 


Eugene Delacroix

 


Young Woman in Profile
c. 1859

 


Jules Favre in 1865

 


Leon Gambetta in 1870

 


Gustave Dore, 1859

 


Dore
1854

 


Alexandre Dumas

 


Franz Liszt

 


Henri Rochefort

 


Ernest H. Shackleton

 


Adolphe Thiers


The former painter Charles Crodel with a scetch-book, 1905

 


Aime Millet , 1856-1858

 


A.-E. Scribe , 1856-1859

 


Self-Portrait , 1856-1858

 

Nadar's son, photographed by Nadar with members
of the Second Japanese Embassy to Europe in 1863.

 


Théophile Gautier

 


Jules Verne

 


Marquis de Galliffet, the fusilleur de la Commune

 


Finette of Mabille , 1855

 


Self-Portrait , 1856-1858

 


Madame Crémieux , 1856

 


Adolphe Crémieux , 1856

 


Theodore Rousseau , 1855-1859

 


Sarah Bernhardt as Phedre in Racine's "Phaedra"

 


Mme E. M. Labiche , 1855-1859

 


Victor Hugo on His Deathbed

 


Theophile Gautier , 1855

 


Mére Marie Jamet

 


J.-F. Berthelier , 1855-1859

 


Pierrot the Photographer
1854-55

 


Baudelaire
1856-58

 

Peter Kropotkin

 


Jules Janin , 1853-1854

 


Marceline D.-V. , 1854

 


Mme. E. Nadar , 1854-1855

 


Auguste Préault , 1854-1855

 


Emile Augier , 1855 - 1857

 


Auguste Luchet , 1855-1859

 


Gustave Mathieu , 1855-1859

 


Alphonse Daudet

 


Ilja Iljitsch Metschnikow

 

The Photographer's Wife
1890

 


Jean-François Millet

 


The Catacombs
1861-62

 


The Sewers
1864-65

 


The Arc de Triomphe and the Grand Boulevards, Paris, from a Balloon, 1868.
Modem gelatin silver print from the original negative. Caisse Nationale des Monuments Historiques et des Sites, Paris.

 


Workmen in the Pans Catacombs, 1861.
Albumen print. Bibliotheque Nationale, Paris.

 


Le Bris and his flying machine, Albatros II

 


Self-portrait

 

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