History of Photography

Introduction. History of Photography (Encyclopaedia Britannica)

A World History of Photography (by Naomi Rosenblum)

The Story Behind the Pictures 1827-1991 (by Hans-Michael Koetzle)

Photographers' Dictionary.
(based on "20th Century Photography - Museum Ludwig Cologne")



Photographers' Dictionary

(based on "20th Century Photography-Museum Ludwig Cologne")




Gustave Le Gray

(From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia)

Gustave Le Gray (18201884) is known as the most important French photographer of the nineteenth century because of his technical innovations in the still new medium of photography, his role as the teacher of other noted photographers, and the extraordinary imagination he brought to picture making.The Getty-Le Gray
Le Gray was originally trained as a painter, studying under Paul Delaroche, but crossed over to the new medium of photography in the early years of its development. He was more than just a photographer he expanded this new medium with his technical inventions. One of the most defining is that of the waxed-paper negative. This invention he developed and perfected in France around 1849 as stated in A World History Of Photography by Naomi Rosenblum.A World History of Photography Le Gray had also worked out a collodion process at the same time, but did not publish either discovery until 1851. This resulted in the collodion technology being accredited to Frederick Scott Archer who discovered his process in 1850 and then published it in 1851.
Later in life Le Gray expanded his horizons by touring the Mediterranean with the writer Alexandre Dumas, pere. Le Gray then carried on to Lebanon and ending his journeys in Egypt where he became a professor of drawing. He died in 1884 in Cairo.


Brig Upon the Water, 1856.
Albumen. Albumen print. Victoria and Albert Museum, London.


Trees and Pathways, 1849


Gnarled Oak Tree, 1849-1852


Factory at Terre-Noire, 1855


Large Wave, Mediterranean Sea


The Beech Tree, 1856


Cavalry Maneuvers, 1857


Zouave Storyteller, 1857


Mollien Pavilion, the Louvre, 1859


Portrait of Giuseppe Garibaldi, 1860


Hypostyle Hall, Temple of Amun, Karnak, 1867


Victor Cousin , 1854-1859


Road to Chailly , 1856


Lighthouse and Jetty , 1856-1857


Camp de Chalons, 1857


The Breaking Wave , Sète, 1857


Emperor's Table , 1857


Sailing Ship, 1857


Great Wave, Sete , 1857


Panorama, Chalons, 1857


Tour St-Jacques, 1859


Pius IX's Railroad Car, 1859


Peristyle, Baalbek, 1860


Pyramids, Gizeh, Egypt , 1865-1869


Ships in Harbor, Cette


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