History of Photography


Introduction History of Photography (Encyclopaedia Britannica)

A World History of Photography (by Naomi Rosenblum)

The Story Behind the Pictures 1827-1991 (by Hans-Michael Koetzle)

Photographers' Dictionary
(based on "20th Century Photography - Museum Ludwig Cologne")


 

 



Photographers' Dictionary

(based on "20th Century Photography-Museum Ludwig Cologne")

 
 

 

 

Diane Arbus

(From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia)

Diane Arbus (March 14, 1923 July 26, 1971) was an American photographer, noted for her portraits of people on the fringes of society, such as transvestites, dwarfs, giants, prostitutes, and ordinary citizens in unconventional poses and settings.
Diane Arbus (née Nemerov) was born in New York City into a wealthy Jewish family, the younger sister of Howard Nemerov, who served as United States Poet Laureate on two separate occasions. She attended the Fieldston School for Ethical Culture.
She fell in love with future actor Allan Arbus at age 14, and married him in 1941, soon after turning 18, despite her parents' objections. When her husband began training as a photographer for the US Army, he shared his lessons with Diane. As a husband-wife team, the Arbuses became successful in the fashion world. As Diane began to take her own photographs, she took formal lessons with Lisette Model at The New School in New York. Edward Steichen's noted photo exhibit, The Family of Man, included a photograph credited to the couple. Together the Arbuses had two daughters, photographer Amy Arbus and writer and art director Doon Arbus. Allan and Diane Arbus had separated by 1959.
After separating from her husband, Arbus studied with Alexey Brodovitch and Richard Avedon. Beginning in 1960, Arbus worked extensively as a photojournalist, her photos appearing in Esquire, The New York Times Magazine, Harper's Bazaar and Sunday Times magazines, among others. Her first public work was an assignment by Esquire editor and art director Robert Benton. Published under the title, "The Vertical Journey: Six Movements of a Moment Within the Heart of the City", consisting of six portraits of an assortment of New Yorkers. Arbus would go on to collaborate with Hayes and Benton (and Benton's successors) for 31 photographs in 18 articles.
Arbus' early work was created using 35mm cameras, but by the 1960s Arbus adopted the Rolleiflex medium format twin-lens reflex. This format provided a square aspect ratio, higher image resolution, and a waist-level viewfinder that allowed Arbus to connect with her subjects in ways that a standard eye-level viewfinder did not. Arbus also experimented with the use of flashes in daylight, allowing her to highlight and separate her subjects from the background.
In 1963, Arbus received a Guggenheim Fellowship grant. Arbus received a second Guggenheim grant in 1966. The Museum of Modern Art, in 1967, staged Arbus' first museum show as the New Documents show which included the work of Garry Winogrand and Lee Friedlander. She also taught photography at The Parsons School for Design in NYC and Hampshire College in Amherst, Massachusetts.
In July 1971, Arbus committed suicide in Greenwich Village at the age of 48 by ingesting a large quantity of barbiturates and then slashing her wrists.

 


Mother Holding Her Child, N.J., 1967

 


A castle in Disneyland, Cal. 1962

 


A flower girl at a wedding, Conn. 1964

 


Young Girl Nudist

 


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Child with a toy hand grenade in Central Park, N.Y.C.
1962

 


Xmas tree in a living room in Levittown, L.I.
1963

 


Triplets in their bedroom, N.J.
1963

 


Puerto Rican woman with a beauty mark, N.Y.C.
1965

 


A family one evening in a nudist camp, Pa.
1965

 


A young man with curlers at home on West 20th Street, N.Y.C.
1966

 


Masked man at a ball, N.Y.C.
1967

 


Identical twins, Roselle, N.J.
1967

 


Mexican dwarf in his hotel room in N.Y.C.
1970

 


A Jewish giant at home with his parents in the Bronx, N.Y.
1970

 


Albino sword swallower at a carnival, Md.
1970

 


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1970-71

 


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1970-71

 


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1970-71

 


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1970-71

 


Child Crying, New Jersey

 


Woman with her Baby Monkey

 


King and Queen

 


Naked man being a woman, N.Y.C.

 


A family on the lawn one sunday in Westchester, N.Y.

 


Coney Island, NY.

 


Teenager with a baseball bat, NYC

 


Two Girls in Matching Bathing Suits

 


Junior Insterstate Ballroom Dance Champions

 


Burlesque

 


Woman with Roses

 


Waitress Nude

 


Mia Farrow

 


Shiny Dress

 


Lady Bartender

 


Girl Locket

 


Jayne Mansfield Cimber-Ottaviano, actress, with her daughter, Jayne Marie, thirteen

 


Marcella Matthaei

 


Brenda Diana Duff Frazier

 


Nudist Camp

 


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